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What Heat Advisories Mean for Your Health

How do I take care of myself in extreme heat? How does extreme heat affect my health?

What are the health risks in extreme heat?

Extreme heat and humidity come with serious risks.

RiskMild SymptomsSevere SymptomsBest Treatment for Mild Cases (always seek emergency help in severe situations)Sunburns

  • Pain

  • Redness

  • Swelling

  • Blisters

  • Fever

  • Headaches

  • Use aloe-based ointments

  • Stay out of the sun

Heat Cramps

  • Pain in the legs and stomach

  • Heavy sweating

  • Nausea

  • Dehydration

  • Extreme spasms

  • Put pressure on the cramps

  • Take small sips of water

Heat Exhaustion

  • Heavy sweating

  • Nausea

  • Weakness

  • Clammy and cold skin

  • Fainting

  • Vomiting

  • Stay out of the sun

  • Lay down

  • Use wet clothes

  • Take small sips of water

Heat Stroke

  • All symptoms of heat stroke are severe

  • Fever of 106 or higher

  • Hot and dry skin

  • Fast pulse

  • Fainting

Immediately call for emergency medical help

How do I stay safe in the heat?

  • Drink a lot of water or non-alcoholic beverages. Alcohol dries you out and could make heat symptoms worse.

  • Eat smaller meals throughout the day instead of three big meals.

  • Take cool showers or baths.

  • Wear loose clothing. Light-colored and light-weight clothing helps your body stay cool.

  • Take a break. The more you can rest, the less work your body has to do to keep you cool.

  • Stay in the A/C as much as possible.

  • Wear sunscreen if you have to go out.

  • Avoid exercise.

  • Stay out of the sun as much as possible—even indoors.

  • Rest if you feel any sort of tiredness, dizziness, or muscle pain.

The best way to protect yourself and your loved ones is to stay prepared. Check the weather forecast and keep water on hand. The more you can stay hydrated and indoors, the safer you will be If you’re concerned about heat hazards, reach out to your healthcare provider for advice. To find out how you can be a patient at SAC Health or to make an appointment with a SAC Health provider, visit healthy body makes a happy summer!